San Antonio Spurs

So as y’all can tell by some of my previous posts.. I really  do enjoy sports. I like to watch basketball and baseball games on my days off a lot of my paycheck does go to sporting events and I think it is totally worth it. My favorite team ever is the San Antonio Spurs. I really do love watching basketball, I enjoy watching it more than baseball. The reason why I get to watch more baseball games is because I live here in Houston and it is very convenient. 

The San Antonio Spurs are one of the four former American Basketball Association teams to stay in tact in the NBA after the ABA-NBA merger. The Spurs have five NBA championships. The Spurs currently rank first among active franchises for the highest winning percentage in NBA history, and have a winning head-to-head regular season record against every active NBA franchise

In their 38 NBA seasons since 1976–1977, the Spurs have won 20 division titles. They have made the playoffs in 24 of the last 25 seasons (since 1989–1990) and have only missed the playoffs four times since entering the NBA; they have not missed the playoffs in the 18 seasons since Tim Duncan was drafted by the Spurs in 1997. He actually just turned 40 on the 25th he is also known as Old man River walk. 

They  won their championships in, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007,2014. They also have 6 division titles in these years, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007,  201, 2014. Tim Duncan has been with the Spurs every year that they have won a championship. 

The Spurs set several NBA attendance records while playing at the Alamodome including the largest crowd ever for a NBA game in 1999, and the Spurs continue to sell out the smaller AT&T  on a regular basis.

The San Antonio Spurs original name was the Dallas Chaparrals. They were actually a Dallas team at the beginning but ended up moving to San Antonio because of money issues even though they were a good team. 

In 1990, they unveiled their new logo called the “Fiesta” logo. The logo had the silver spur with black text. The background was made to look like a flag with teal, pink and orange colors. It is said that those colors were used to represent the Mexican and Chicano population of San Antonio. This was and is my favorite logo that the Spurs have used. 


Houston Astros

This time of year is always my favorite because it is OFFICIALLY now baseball season! I get really excited because the Astros are the only Houston team I truly support. Over the summer I go to about two or three games a week just depending on my work schedule. 

The Astros were established as the Houston Colt .45s and entered the National League in 1962 with the expansion New York Mets. The current name was adopted three years later, when they moved into the Astrodome, the world’s first domed sports stadium.

The Houston Astros have been through many logo changes.The Astros have had 7 different logos over their history, never using a letter or city name only.


The only logo for the Colt 45’s is a blue gun with smoke forming the letter “C” of the word “Colt” scripted above the gun and a wordmark “.45s” underneath the gun. A wordmark on top “HOUSTON” in blue. This was their first logo was used from 1962-1964.




An image of the Astrodome in white and blue with four baseballs rotating around the stadium. A wordmark “ASTROS” in blue with white trim on a orange circle background. This logo was used from 1965-1974.



The Astros logo in 1975 slightly changed with a new smaller image of the Astrodome in blue and white with four baseballs rotating around the stadium. The word-mark “ASTROS” is now below and angled around the stadium on a orange background. This is my favorite Logo that the Astros have used. This logo was used between 1975-1993.



New logo design with a shooting gold star and a word-mark “HOUSTON” in white and inside the star. Below the star is a word-mark “ASTROS” in gold with white trim, inside the navy blue Astrodome. This logo was used in 1994.



Getting ready to leave the Astrodome, as the dome is removed from the logo. The new variation of the logo is a shooting gold star with the word-mark “ASTROS” in blue with a white trim. A word-mark “HOUSTON” about the star in blue. This Logo was used from 1995-1999.



In 2000 the logo featured a scripted word-mark “Astros” in black with brick and tan trim and with swash underneath and the endless layers of colored strokes. A brick and tan star above “Astros” script. This Logo was used from 2000 to 2012.


This is the Astros current logo. It is my second favorite. I love the orange and blue!







Land and Power

So before we were released to Spring break two weeks ago we had a very interesting lecture. We were asked what were the causes of most of the wars and the consequences. At first it was hard until the professor had us map out the whole thing on the board. Out of all the reasons on the board I believe land and power were the most important.

In most cases, the Indians were losing their land, this lead to Indian raids.The Red River War was a military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations in Indian Territory. 

Red river War Battles

Another war that was fought over land and Power was the Texas Revolution.October 2, 1835 – April 21, 1836.The Texas Revolution began when colonists in the Mexican province of Texas rebelled against the increasingly centralist Mexican government.Texas wanted their independence from Mexico they were fighting for their rights and their own land. Mexico was fighting to keep control over Texas and to keep their land. 


The Mexican American war was a  war between the U.S. and Mexico spanned the period from spring 1846 to fall 1847, resulting in the defeat of Mexico and the loss of approximately half of its national territory in the north. The main consequence from this war was Mexico was the loss of a lot of their land. 


The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting from June 18, 1812 to February 18, 1815, fought by the United States of America against Great Britain, its North American colonies, and its North American Indian allies. This being a military conflict I view this as an struggle of power. 

war of 1812

Lastly the Civil war in my opinion was a struggle of power from the North and the South. The South was reluctant to change their traditional way of life and rebelled against the Union. 

I believe most or all of the wars is about power. One country is having an conflict with another and they can’t resolve the issue by “just talking”. After going through some of the causes of the wars I did some research on, my thought of this was proven.


Nolan Ryan

Hey everyone! Since baseball season is upon us, I decided to write this blog about an amazing player. So enjoy! 

Nolan Ryan was born January 31, 1947 in Refugio Texas. He was the youngest of six children. About two months after his birth his family moved here, to Alvin Texas. He joined Alvin Little League baseball when he was nine years old. It wasn’t long before he threw his first no hitter. Ryan made the all-star team at ages 11 and 12. He then played baseball at Alvin high school. During his Senior year he amassed a 20-4 record and batted .700 in the State Tournament. He was named to the All-State team before graduating High School in 1965. 

In 1965 the Mets drafted Ryan in the 8th round pick. The Mets were the first team he pitched for and he led them to win in the World Series against the Baltimore Orioles in 1969. This was his only World Series appearance.  This is how he got one of his nicknames, “The Ryan’s express”.


After the Mets, Ryan was traded to the California Angels on December 10, 1971. He was the Angels starting pitcher. With 320 strikeouts, Ryan led the American League he also had nine shutouts. Ryan set a new record with 383 strikeouts beating Sandy Koufax’s record by ONE. 


Ryan then signed a contract with the Houston Astros for a record $1 million in 1979. With Houston he pitched his 3509 career strikeout. He became the first pitcher in history to pass up Walter Johnson’s 1927 record. 


He joined the Texas Rangers as a free agent. Making this the last team he played with. In 1991 he pitched his seventh and last no hitter. 


  • He is the only Major League baseball player to have his jersey retired by 3 teams. (Angels, Astros,and the Rangers)
  • He held the record for throwing the fastest baseball, being clocked at 100.9 miles per hour. 
  • He delivered the Houston Post with his father every morning as a boy.
  • His Zodiac sign is a Aquarius 
  • His full name is Lynn Nolan Ryan, Jr. 
  • In 1999 he was inducted into the baseball hall of fame
  • Ryan married his High School Sweetheart, her name was Ruth
  • He was the previous chief executive officer of the Texas Rangers
  • He is currently an executive adviser to the owner of the Houston Astros
  • He was 6′ 2
  • He had three kids, Reid Ryan, Wendy Ryan, and Reese Ryan


  • “It helps if the hitter thinks you’re crazy”
  • “It took me awhile to figure that out and to realize what a gift I have been given. And when I finally did, I dedicated myself to be the best pitcher I possibly could be, for as long as I possibly could be.
  • “One of the beautiful things about baseball is that every once in awhile you come into a situation where you want to, reach down and prove something”
  • “Enjoying success requires the ability to adapt. Only by being open to change will you have an opportunity to get the most from your talent”   


End Of Orca Breeding

So some exciting news that was released this Spring break was Sea World stopping it’s Orca breeding and their Orca shows! When I was younger we used to visit the San Antonio Sea World all the time. The Orca shows were my favorite to watch. I was so impressed by how they got these huge animals to do all these tricks. I was in love with whales after my first trip to Sea World, I remember my mom buying me a Barbie set with a Barbie trainer and a Shamu it was my favorite thing ever. 

Two Summers ago we decided to take my cousin to go to Sea World to experience what we did when we were kids. I remember texting my friend when I sat down for an Orca show. She immediately started telling me how bad it was that I was supporting something so horrible. I did not understand why she was so angry with me and I was starting to get upset myself. In the texting conversation she asked me, “Have you ever watched the documentary, Blackfish?” I replied no, I have never seen or heard of it before. She then understood why I was so confused and then told me whenever I got back home to watch it. 

The next day when I was home, I found the documentary on Netflix and decided to see what the whole fuss was about. Watching this documentary, it made me feel sick to my stomach. I even teared up, in my head I kept asking myself,”Why haven’t I seen this before?” I felt horrible for giving Sea World my money. I promised myself to never go back to Sea World, and haven’t went back since. I make my opinion very clear to my family when the idea of going to Sea World comes up. I feel now that my family is starting to back me on boycotting Sea World.

black fish
You can find this on Netflix, It will change your whole prespective about Sea World. t


SeaWorld reported a wider loss in its fourth quarter of $25.4 million as attendance to its theme parks continued to fall. SeaWorld has been battling negative publicity after a 2013 documentary, Blackfish,said treatment of animals led to the deaths of trainers.
Attendance to the company’s 11 parks between October and December fell 2.2 percent to 4.4 million from 4.5 million in the same period a year ago.
Jim Atchison, who had served as CEO and president since 2009, stepped down in January following the documentary


Sea World claims now that the Whales  that they have at their theme parks will be the last they will own. Instead of doing the traditional shows with the Orcas they will now show natural behaviors and continue to study the animals. Protesters look at this a small step to the overall goal, they are fighting for them to, “free the tanks”. Releasing all of the Orcas. 

So what does this have to do with Texas? The San Diego Sea World will be the first to stop the Orca shows next year followed by the San Antonio location then the Orlando location in 2019. 

sea world.jpg

Shiner Bock

So since Spring Break has just ended, sadly, and Summer is just around the corner.. I decided to write this blog about Shiner beer. Shiner is my favorite beer so it made this blog easier to write.It is brewed right here in Texas which makes it even better! I learned a lot of cool facts about this beer and I hope y’all enjoy!


Shiner is brewed at the Spoetzl Brewery here in Shiner, Texas. Here is the address if y’all are ever interested in taking a tour 603 East Brewery Street, Shiner, TX 77984. The population of Shiner Texas is 2,069 making it a very small town. Just so you can get an idea where Shiner is in Texas, I provided the map below. 

shiner texas

The original tin brewery was founded in the center of an Austrian, German, and Czech farming community near the railroad tracks on the banks of Boggy Creek. Czech and German immigrants settled near Shiner Texas, they couldn’t find a beer they were accustomed to so they started brewing something very similar to what they were used to drinking.

The founder of the Spoetzl brewery.

Born in Bavaria, Kosmos Spoetzl’s passion for beer carried him as far as Egypt before arriving in tiny Shiner, Texas. There, he purchased the town’s brewery and became Shiner’s first official brewmaster, a post that he held for nearly half a century.Spoetzl had attended brewmaster’s school and apprenticed for three years in Germany and worked for eight years at the Pyramid Brewery in Cairo, Egypt, before moving to San Antonio in search of a better climate for his health. He came carrying the recipe for a Bavarian beer made by his family from pure malt and hops. Spoetzl returned to Germany to receive a brew master’s degree. I did not even know there was a degree in brewing beer, obviously I didn’t choose my degree carefully. 

When Prohibition was declared in 1918, Spoetzl produced near beer, ice, and, according to some sources, regular beer as well. During this period, he sustained the brewery by doing construction work in Florida with crews and trucks brought from Texas. After his wife’s death in 1921, Spoetzl considered returning to Bavaria but was convinced by his daughter to retain the business.

Spoetzl was known for driving through the countryside of Shiner Texas offering farmers cold beer, soda, and silver coins. He used a Hobo band to promote his beer. This Hobo band still continued to promote his brand even after his death. In 1950 Spoetzl passed away, leaving the brewery to his daughter. She became the only woman to own a brewery in the nation.


I hope y’all enjoyed reading this blog!



The Killing Fields

Everyone who personally knows me knows that I am addicted to the ID channel. When I wake up in the morning I turn on the TV and it is already on ID and when I am laying down going to bed, I watch it until I fall asleep. I don’t know what it is about the ID channel but it always seems to keep my attention. The past few days I was trying to come up with ideas for my next blog until a show came on about the Killing Fields. I figured that since it is in Texas and not too far from our school, I would write this blog about it!

Where is the Killing Fields? The area around Calder drive is known as the Killing fields. This is a swampy stretch along busy Interstate 45. Since the 1970’s at least 30 bodies have been extracted from the Killing fields. The victims were mainly female teenagers, who have been strangled, shot or badly beaten. 

The League City “Killing Fields”, sits behind the Magnolia Creek Baptist Church on Calder drive. Four bodies have been found in this area between the years 1983 and 1991. During this period people were dumping trash and building materials in the abandoned oil field. One of the bodies found was identified as Laura Lynn Miller. She disappeared after using a pay phone at a nearby convenience store she was only 16 and her body was recovered in 1986. 

Other Victims: Heidi Villareal Fye, a twenty five year old bartender, left her parents house in League City on October 7,1983, to get a ride from her boyfriend. Her body was found next April in the clearing.

Krystal Jean Baker, age 13, left her grandma’s house in Texas City on March 6, 1996. She was walking to her friends house. Later that evening in Anahuac her body was found under the bridge where I-10 goes over the Trinity River.I believe this is the case they were showing on the ID channel. They said whenever they found her body,  it looked as if she was just thrown there like a piece of trash. 


killing fields
Mapped out since the 1970’s 30 women have mysteriously disappeared in this region.


deliever us
This Book took Casey three years to write.

After watching this on the ID channel and doing a little research on the internet, I came across the book, “Deliver us: Three Decades Of Murder and Redemption in the Infamous I-45/Texas Killing fields“, by Kathryn Casey. I plan on reading this book next after my semester is over. Kathryn Casey has been researching these cases for about three years. “This is my 11th book, It was the hardest to write, and it took the longest. I’m proud of it, but I’m not always happy I did it. I think it changed me as a person. I’m more cautious. I’ve always been kind of a worrier but I worry more now. Every once in awhile I’ll see some girl walking along a highway, and I’ll want to pull over and tell her not to do that. But I can’t. They’d lock me up.” This was a quote I found that Casey has told the Houston Chronicle in the Past.

I just wanted to share a little  information about the killing fields because it peaked my interest and it was so close to where I live. Sharing some victims stories, I hope it makes you more aware and cautious of your surroundings!:) All of these murders were not committed by the same person and most of these cases have gone cold. I got most of my information from the article below, it was a great read and very interesting!

Santa Anna

In the chapters we have been reading in class, the Alamo has been the main subject. In these chapters, Santa Anna’s name has came up a handful of times. I have been hearing about him throughout all my years of education in history classes, but I never truly did research on him. So of course he is my subject of this blog!Santaanna1

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Perez de Lebron, was born on February 21st, 1794 in Jalapa Mexico. Santa Anna served in the Mexican Army and rose to the rank of Captain. He became the hero of Tampico during 1829 when Spain tried to regain control of Mexico. This helped him gain the Presidency of Mexico. What began as a promise to unite Mexico, ended in nothing but chaos. From 1833-1855 Santa Anna ruled Mexico. 

I have found a cool article which tells you 6 things about Santa Anna that you may not know. One of the things that was listed is that Santa Anna actually idolized Napoleon Bonaparte. He liked reading Napoleonic biographies and was a collector of Napoleonic artifacts. Portraits of Napoleon were displayed on the walls of his estates. He made his soldiers wear uniforms that were inspired by the French army.



Seeing paintings similar to this one of Napoleon leading his troops into battle, it inspired Santa Anna to do the same. He mimics Napoleon by also leading his troops into battle and even makes his soldiers march in the same way Napoleon had his troops march. Of course like his hero, Santa Anna falls in the end. 

Santa Anna staged a state funeral for his amputated leg. After being wounded by a gunshot to the leg in the Pastry War, doctors had to amputate his leg. Santa Anna took his leg and buried it beneath a cemetery monument. His leg did not remain where it was buried. An angered mob unburied his leg, tied it to a rope and dragged it in the streets yelling, “Death to the Cripple!” 

Santa Anna’s prosthetic leg was captured as a battlefield trophy during the battle of Cerro Gordo in the Mexican-American war. When Santa Anna fled the battle he forgot his prosthetic cork and wooden leg. Illinois soldiers seized his leg as a trophy. It remains in the Illinois State Military Museum. The Mexican Government has tried multiple times to get Santa Anna’s leg back and has been denied repeatedly.

Santa Anna fought more battles than Napoleon and George Washington combined. He captured and caused the loss of half of Mexican territory. He possessed a very magnetic personality and real qualities of leadership. Santa Anna’s lack of principles, his pride, and his love of military glory, caused Mexico’s downfall. 







Proud to be an American, Blessed to be a Texan.

Hanging out with some family and friends the other day, an interesting topic came up. Let me just start off by asking this. Are you more likely to buy a shirt or any type of clothing with a Texas symbol or an “American symbol”?  For an example which one are you more likely to buy? Shirt A? Or shirt B?

texas home
Shirt A
made in america.jpg
Shirt B












Most people I have asked chose shirt A. Basically what we talked about was if we are more proud to be a Texan over an American. Technically we are still considered American but I believe that most Texans have more patriotism towards Texas than America itself. I find myself more interested in buying clothes that has Texas written all over them vs. America.

Example two. Shopping in Academy a couple of months ago my brother and I came across the Lone Survivor foundation shirts. Now keep in mind the two shirts I am about to show you are supporting the same foundation, but of course have two different flags on them. Can you guess what shirt my brother and I chose to purchase? 

lone survior 2
Shirt one
lone survior 1
Shirt two


 If you chose the shirt with the Texas flag on it then you were correct. I believe the exact words that came out of our mouths when we were debating about which one to buy was, “Let’s get the one with the Texas flag that one is BETTER!” 

  Whenever you travel out of the Country are you more likely to say you’re from the states or that you’re from Texas? I know that Puerto Rico is not considered “out of the country” by some people, but I feel like it is. When we were walking the streets of San Juan, whenever we would find ourselves in conversation with tour guides they would of course ask the question, “where are you all from?” Of course we would answer, “we are from Texas.” Now thinking about it we could have answered that we were from the states, but I believe that we are so proud to be from Texas, we want people to know we come from this great state. I remember we had some one ask, “Texas?  where is that?” I remember being kind of shocked, I remember thinking, “Are you serious?” I now think about how I didn’t know where Puerto Rico was until I found out I was going to vacation there for the Summer. So how could I expect people all over the world to know where Texas was located or to know even what Texas was?

      I believe Texans have a love for this state that people from other states will never understand. The conversation I had with my family and friends got pretty interesting I must say. Some of my friends weren’t even born in Texas but have shared that this is their favorite state to live in, so far. I love living here so much, I don’t see me moving out of this state EVER. 

One of the charms I own showing off the great State I live in!

Most of my blogs are a little bit on the serious side so I decided to do something a little different. I hope y’all liked this one!


What’s on the menu tonight for the Tonkawas? Human.

Tuesday we played a game with the guest who joined us in class. I was a Soldier, unfortunately, meaning I was not important enough to eat everyday. In the middle of the game our food supply started running low so we decided to eat our Indian captives. We laughed at the idea of us eating our classmates and then the Guest told us cannibalism was a very real thing in the New World. Of course it got me thinking and since I like to connect my blogs to what we talk about in class, I decided to look up Indian tribes in Texas who practiced cannibalism.

“Human flesh tastes like bear meat,” a Tonkwa informant tells Albert S. Gatschet. In most cases cannibalism was a practice done after a battle or war. The heart of the enemy was consumed this was done to prove superiority and to insult the soul of the enemy. Tonkawas did not reserve cannibalism just for their enemies.

cool facts
Some facts about the Tonkawa Tribe. Taken from a power point online.

The Tonkawas claimed parts of south-east Texas as their home. The Tonkawas and some other small tribes were gathered up and moved to the Wichita Reservation near Fort Cobb in Indian territory which is now in Oklahoma. The word Tonkawa comes from a Waco name, “Tonkaweya,” meaning stays together. The tribe called themselves tickanwatic which roughly translates to, “the most human of people”.



Tonkawas were found eating Comanches on multiple occasions. When researching and reading multiple articles online I have came to the conclusion that the Comanches and the Tonkawas have had a bad relationship with one another. One article I read claimed that the main part of a Tonkawa stew was a member of the Comanche tribe. It was a very strange yet an interesting article. The Tonkawas, on the other hand, relished a hearty Comanche stew…Comanche being the main ingredient and not the origin of the recipe. Noah Smithwick, who witnessed its preparation and consumption, called it, “the most revolting mess my eyes ever rested on.” This was taken from that article and if you’re interested I did put that link there for you to check it out!


Main course, Comanche.



 “They erected a pole, to which they attached the scalp, hands, and feet of the Waco, and then with horrible yells and gestures, all danced around it, while the squaws constantly danced up to the pole and took bites from the hands and feet and then would go back and dance again. They would prolong these dances three, five, and sometimes ten days.” This was taken from another article I read online. This just was another piece of evidence that I found that the Tonkawas practiced cannibalism.

Whenever I was trying to find research that supported the accusations that the Tonkawas were cannibals, everything seemed to be scattered. There was multiple witnesses that confessed they watched Tonkawas eat other humans but I did not want my blog to be nothing but “copy and paste”. I hope you guys learned a little about the Tonkawa tribe!

All the text in red are pieces of articles I have found interesting. The links to them are also available for you all!